About High-resolution X-Ray CT
High-resolution X-ray CT (Computed Tomography) is a completely nondestructive technique for visualizing features in the interior of opaque solid objects, and for obtaining digital information on their 3-D geometries and properties. It is useful for a wide range of materials, including rock, bone, ceramic, metal and soft tissue. High-resolution X-ray CT differs from conventional medical CAT-scanning in its ability to resolve details as small as a few microns in size, even when imaging objects made of high density materials.
The following overview is excerpted and adapted from several works, with the principal one being:
Ketcham, R.A. and Carlson, W.D., 2001. Acquisition, optimization and interpretation of X-ray computed tomographic imagery: Applications to the geosciences. Computers and Geosciences, 27, 381-400.