The following overview is excerpted from: Ketcham, R.A. (2005b) Three-dimensional grain fabric measurements using high-resolution X-ray computed tomography. Journal of Structural Geology, 27, 1217-1228 and Ketcham, R.A., and Ryan, T. (2004) Quantification and visualization of anisotropy in trabecular bone. Journal of Microscopy, 213, 158-171.

Quant3D is a versatile program that can be used to analyze fabrics in any three-dimensional data set; examples include quantification of anisotropy in trabecular bone (Ketcham and Ryan, 2004; Ryan and Ketcham, 2005) and textural analysis of metamorphic rocks (Ketcham, 2005b). Fabric tensors are produced based on the star volume distribution (SVD), star length distribution (SLD), and mean intercept length (MIL) methods. Principal component directions and magnitudes are provided by the tensors, providing the degree of anisotropy and shape indices of the phase of interest. Three-dimensional rose diagrams are a unique feature implemented in Quant3D for analyzing non-orthogonal directional fabric components; they are VRML-format graphics files that can be rotated and viewed interactively.

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Example of fabric analysis of quartzofeldspathic layers using Quant3D. In (a) the scan data are first segmented to isolate the material of interest, in this case garnet (white), biotite + kyanite (gray), and quartz + feldspar (black). ‘Star’ analyses proceed by placing a series of points within the material of interest, and measuring the distance from each point to the material boundary in many directions (red lines). Only two dimensions shown here, but measurements are actually made in 3D. The analysis directions are uniformly distributed in three dimensions on a grid defined by the line intersections on the sphere shown in (b). To create a 3D rose diagram, each intersection in (b) is projected from the origin by its relative star volume component value (c). Colors are assigned based on SVD/Max(SVD), and color coding from 0 (violet) to 1 (red) (from Ketcham, 2005b).


3D rose diagrams showing relative SVD component magnitudes for quartz + plagioclase (upper row) and garnet (lower row) in sample MD generated in Quant3D. First diagram in each row (a,d) is viewed down the ‘Up’ axis; second diagram (b,c) is viewed along the second eigenvector, and third (c,f) is an arbitrary orientation. The diagrams are stored in VRML 97 format, and can be viewed interactively with a number of software applications and browser plug-ins (from Ketcham, 2005b).

 Papers Utilizing Quant3D

Aboulhassan, A., Brun, F., Kourousias, G, Lanzafame, G., Voltolini, A., Contillo, A., and Mancini, L. (2022) PyPore3D: an open source software tool for imaging data processing and analysis of porous and multiphase media. Journal of Imaging, 8, 187.
Acquaah, F., Brown, K.A.R., Ahmed, F., Jeffery, N., and Abel, R.L. 
(2015) Early trabecular development in human vertebrae: overproduction, constructive regression, and refinement. Frontiers in Endocrinology, 6, 67.
Alanazi, N., and Kassem, E. (2018) Evaluation of the anisotropy of asphalt mixtures. Journal of Transportation Engineering, Part B: Pavements, 144, 04018022.
Arbaret, L., Bystricky, M., and Launeau, P. (2019) Crystal clustering in magmas: Insights from HP–HT experiments. Comptes Rendus Geoscience, 351, 574-585.
Arouca, A.M., Lucena, M.A.M., Rossiter, R.J., Talhavini, M., and Weber, I.T. (2017) Use of luminescent gunshot residues markers in forensic context− Part II. Forensic Science International, 281, 161-170.
Barak, M.M., Lieberman, D.E., and Hublin, J.J. (2013) Of mice, rats and men: trabecular bone architecture in mammals scales to body mass with negative allometry. Journal of Structural Biology, 183, 123-131.
Bayati, M.R., Molaei, R., Budai, J.D., Narayan, R.J., and Narayan, J. (2013) Role of substrate crystallographic characteristics on structure and properties of rutile TiO2 epilayers. Journal of Applied Physics, 114, 044314.
Bernard, R.E., Behr, W.M., Becker, T.W., and Young, D.J. (2019) Relationships between olivine CPO and deformation parameters in naturally deformed rocks and implications for mantle seismic anisotropy. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 20, 3469-3494.
Bernasconi, A., and Cosmi, F. (2009) Fibre orientation at notches and fatigue behaviour of short fibre reinforced polyamide. 17th International Conference on Composite Materials, Edinburgh, UK.
Bernasconi, A., and Cosmi, F.
 Analisi sperimentale dell’anisotropia in prossimità di intagli in materie plastiche rinforzate con fibre corte. XXXVII Convegno Nazionale, Università di Roma, Italy, 10 p.
Bernasconi, A., and Cosmi, F. (2011) Analysis of the dependence of the tensile behavior of a short fibre reinforced polyamide upon fibre volume fraction, length and orientation. Procedia Engineering, 10, 2129-2134.
Bernasconi, A., Cosmi, F., and Dreossi, D. (2008) Local anisotropy analysis of injection moulded fibre reinforced polymer composites. Composites Science and Technology, 68, 2574-2581.
Bernasconi, A., Cosmi, F., and Dreossi, D. (2008) Analisi dell’anisotropia microstrutturale in materiali compositi rinforzati con fibre corte. Frattura ed Integrità Strutturale, 3, 18-29.
Bernasconi, A., Cosmi, F., and Hine, P.J. (2012) Analysis of fibre orientation distribution in short fibre reinforced polymers: a comparison between optical and tomographic methods. Composites Science and Technology, 72, 2002-2008.
Bernasconi, A., Broznic, M., Cosmi, F., Dreossi, D., and Tromba, G. (2007) Resistenza e anisotropia in compositi rinforzati con fibre corte: analisi mediante tomografia con luce di sincrotrone. Atti del Congresso IGF 19, Milan, Italy, 8 p.
Bernasconi, A., Cosmi, F., and Zappa, E. (2010) Combined effect of notches and fibre orientation on fatigue behavior of short fiber reinforced polyamide. Strain, 46, 435-445.
Bhasin, A., Izadi, A., and Bedgaker, S. (2010) Three dimensional distribution of the mastic in asphalt composites. Construction and Building Materials, 25, 4079-4087.
Bishop, P.J., Scofield, R.P., and Hocknull, S.A. (2019) The architecture of cancellous bone in the hindlimb of moa (Aves: Dinornithiformes), with implications for stance and gait. Alcheringa, 43, 612-628.
Bishop, P.J., Clemente, C.J., Hocknull, S.A., Barrett, R.S., and Lloyd, D.G. (2017) The effects of cracks on the quantification of the cancellous bone fabric tensor in fossil and archaeological specimens: a simulation study. Journal of Anatomy, 230, 461-470.
Bishop, P.J., Walmsley, C.W., Phillips, M.J., Quayle, M.R., Boisvert, C.A., and McHenry, C.R. (2015) Oldest pathology in a tetrapod bone illuminates the origin of terrestrial vertebrates. PloS ONE, 10, 5.
Bishop, P.J., Hocknull, S.A., Clemente, C.J., Hutchinson, J.R., Farke, A.A., Beck, B.R., Barrett, R.S., and Lloyd, D.G. (2018) Cancellous bone and theropod dinosaur locomotion. Part I—an examination of cancellous bone architecture in the hindlimb bones of theropods. PeerJ, 6, e5778.
Brun, F., Mancini, L., Kasae, P., Favretto, S., Dreossi, D., and Tromba, G. (2010). Pore3D: a software library for quantitative analysis of porous media. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 615, 326-332.
Bubeck, A., Walker, R.J., Healy, D., Dobbs, M., and Holwell, D.A. (2017) Pore geometry as a control on rock strength. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 457, 38-48.
Cazenave, M. (2018) Multi-site characterisation of cortical bone distribution and cancellous network organisation in the Paranthropus robustus postcranial skeleton: taxonomic, functional and paleobiological implications. PhD dissertation, Anthropology, University of Toulouse, 279p.
Cazenave, M., and Radovčić, D. (early view) The Neanderthal patellae from Krapina (Croatia): A comparative investigation of their endostructural conformation and distinctive features compared to the human condition. The American Journal of Biological Anthropology.
Cazenave, M., Radovčić, D., Hoffman, J., and Macchiarelli, R. (2020) The Neandertal (Krapina and Regourdou 1), fossil modern human (Chancelade 1) and extant human patella: an insight from inside. Paleo, 30, 76-91.
Cazenave, M., Oettlé, A., Thackeray, J.F., Nakatsukasa, M., de Beer, F., Hoffman, J., and Macchiarelli, R. (2019) The SKX 1084 hominin patella from Swartkrans Member 2, South Africa: an integrated analysis of its outer morphology and inner structure. . Comptes Rendus Palevol, 18, 223-235.
Cazenave, M., Oettlé, A., Pickering, T.R., Heaton, J.L., Nakatsukasa, M., Thackeray, J.F., Hoffman, J., and Macchiarelli, R. (2021) Trabecular organization of the proximal femur in Paranthropus robustus: Implications for the assessment of its hip joint loading conditions. Journal of Human Evolution, 153, 102964.
Chatzaras, V., Kruckenberg, S.C., Cohen, S.M., Medaris, L.G., Withers, A.C., and Bagley, B. (2016) Axial-type olivine crystallographic preferred orientations: the effect of strain geometry on mantle texture. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 121, 4895-4922.
Chirchir, H. (2019) What can trabecular bone tell us about activity levels and self‐domestication? The FASEB Journal, 33, S1.
Chirchir, H. (2021) Trabecular bone in domestic dogs and wolves: implications for understanding human self‐domestication. The Anatomical Record, 304, 31-41.
Chirchir, H., Zeininger, A., Nakatsukasa, M., Ketcham, R.A., and Richmond, B.G. (2016) Does trabecular bone structure within the metacarpal heads of primates vary with hand posture?. Comptes Rendus Palevol, 16, 533-544.
Coiner-Collier, S.F. (2015) Feeding ecology and the trabecular structure of the mandibular condyle in extant primates. PhD dissertation, Anthropology, Rutgers University, 214 p.
Coiner-Collier, S., Vogel, E.R., and Scott, R.S. (2018) Trabecular anisotropy in the primate mandibular condyle is associated with dietary toughness. The Anatomical Record, 301, 1342-1359.
Cosmi, F. (2011) Local anisotropy and elastic properties in a short glass fibre reinforced polymer composite. Strain, 47, 215-221.
Cosmi, F. (2009) Morphology-based prediction of elastic properties of trabecular bone samples. Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics, 11, 3-9.
Cosmi, F., and Bernasconi, A. (2010) Elasticity of short fibre reinforced polyamide: morphological and numerical analysis of fibre orientation effects. Materials Engineering, 17, 6-10.
Cosmi, F., and Bernasconi, A. (2010) Fatigue behaviour of short fibre reinforced polyamide: morphological and numerical analysis of fibre orientation effects. Giornata IGF Forni di Sopra (UD) 2010.
Cosmi, F., and Biasi, G. (2011) A preliminary study on sclerofoam morphology. Phlébologie, 64, 3.
Cosmi, F., and Maximova, N. (2019) Morphological and structural bone alterations in a rare disease. Materials Today: Proceedings, 12, 246-251.
Cosmi, F., and Ravalico, C. (2015) Threshold identification for micro-tomographic damage characterisation in a short-fibre-reinforced polymer. Strain, 51, 171-179.
Cosmi, F., Scozzese, S., and Biasi, G. (2011) A morphology study on sclerofoams. Proceedings of 28th Danubia Adria Symposium on Experimental Methods in Solid Mechanics
Cosmi, F., Scozzese, S., and Bernasconi, A. (2010) Studio del danneggiamento mediante tomografia in luce del sincrotrone: impatto di un cono d’ombra sulla qualitá finale delle ricostruzioni. Frattura ed Integritá Strutturale, 13, 17-23.
Cosmi, F., Steimberg, N., Dreossi, D., and Mazzoleni, G. (2009) Structural analysis of rat bone explants kept in vitro in simulated microgravity conditions. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 2, 164-172.
Cosmi, F., Steimberg, N., and Mazzoleni, G. (2015) A mesoscale study of the degradation of bone structural properties in modeled microgravity conditions. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 44, 61-70.
Cosmi, F., Bernasconi, A., and Sodini, N. (2011) Phase contrast micro-tomography and morphological analysis of a chort carbon fibre reinforced polyamide. Composites Science and Technology, 71, 23-30.
Cotter, M.M., Loomis, D.A., Simpson, S.W., Latimer, B., and Hernandez, C.J. (2011) Human evolution and osteoporosis-related spinal fractures. PLoS ONE, 6, e26658.
Cotter, M.M., Simpson, S.W., Latimer, B.M., and Hernandez, C.J. (2009) Trabecular microarchitecture of hominoid thoracic vertebrae. The Anatomical Record, 292, 1098-1106.
Dal Ferro, N., Delmas, P., Duwig, C., Simonetti, G., and Morari, F. (2012) Coupling X-ray microtomography and mercury intrusion porosimetry to quantify aggregate structures of a cambisol under different fertilisation treatments. Soil and Tillage Research, 119, 13-21.
Dionnet, Z., Suttle, M., Longobardo, A., Folco, L., Rotundi, A., Brunetto, R., della Corte, V., and King, A. (2019) X-CT morphological study of giant antarctic micrometeorites. EPSC Abstracts, 13, EPSC-DPS2019-117-1.
Dionnet, Z., Suttle, M.D., Longobardo, A., Rotundi, A., Folco, L., della Corte, V., and King, A. (2020) X‐ray computed tomography: morphological and porosity characterization of giant Antarctic micrometeorites. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 55, 13533.
Dionnet, Z., Aléon-Topani, A., Brunetto, R., Rubino, S, Suttle, M.D., Lantz, C., Avdellidou, C., Baklouti, D., Borondics, F., Djouadi, Z., Grieco, F., Héripré, E., Nakamura, T., Rotundi, A., and Scheel, M. (2022) Multiscale correlated analysis of the Aguas Zarcas CM chondrite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 57, 965-988.
Du Plessis, A., Broeckhoven, C., Guelpa, A., and Le Roux, S.G. (2017) Laboratory X-ray micro-computed tomography: a user guideline for biological samples. GigaScience, 6, 1-11.
Dyess, J.E., Hansen, V.L., and Goscinak, C. (2015) Constrains on vorticity and non-coaxial shear direction in Neoarchean L-S tectonites, an example from northern Minnesota, USA. Precambrian Research, 256, 189-200.
Eckley, S.A., and Ketcham, R.A. (2022) The utility of X-ray computed tomography in astromaterials research and curation: A case study from Martian meteorites. Microscopy Microanalysis, 28 (Suppl. S1), 2678-2680
Eckley, S.,Ketcham, R., and Herrero-Bervara, E. (2021) Coordinated 3D petrofabric analyses in basalt using AMS and X-ray CT. AGU Fall Meeting, New Orleans, LA, GP41A-09.
Elmabrouk, B., and Berger, J.R. (2013) Boundary element analysis for effective stiffness tensors: effect of fabric tensor determination method. Computational Mechanics, 1-8.
Fajardo, R.J., Desilva, J.M., Manoharan, R.K., Schmitz, J.E., Maclatchy, L.M., & Bouxsein, M.L. (2013) Lumbar vertebral body bone microstructural scaling in small to medium‐sized strepsirhines. The Anatomical Record, 296, 210-226.
Fu, Y., Xie, H., Deng, B., Du, G., Chen, R., and Xiao, T. (2014) Three-dimensional structure of polystyrene colloidal crystal by synchrotron radiation X-ray phase-contrast computed tomography. Materials Science & Processing, 115, 781-790.
Fu, Y., Xie, H., Deng, B., Du, G., and Xiao, T. (2015) Synchrotron radiation phase-contrast computed tomography study on self-assembly of polystyrene colloidal crystals via solvent evaporation. Colloid Journal, 77, 795-801.
Geer, S.R. (2014) Discrete element and homogenization based approaches for determining the mechanical properties of geomaterials. PhD dissertation, Mechanical Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, 139p.
Gong, L., Nie, L., and Xu, Y. (2020) Geometrical and topological analysis of pore space in sandstones based on X-ray computed tomography. Energies, 13, 3774.
Gosman, J.H., and Ketcham, R.A. (2009) Patterns in ontogeny of human trabecular bone from SunWatch Village in the prehistoric Ohio Valley: general features of microarchitectural change. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 138, 318-332.
Griffin, N.L. (2008) Bone architecture of the hominin second proximal pedal phalanx: a preliminary investigation. Journal of Human Evolution, 54, 162-168.
Griffin, N.L., D’Août, K., Ryan, T.M., Richmond, B.G., Ketcham, R.A., and Postnov, A. (2010) Comparative forefoot trabecular bone architecture in extant hominids. Journal of Human Evolution, 59, 202-213.
Gutzwiller, S.C., Su, A., and O’Connor, P.M. (2013) Postcranial pneumaticity and bone structure in two clades of neognath birds. The Anatomical Record, 296, 867-876.
Heij, G., Elmore, D., Roberts, J., Steullet, A.K., Dulin, S., and Friedman, S. (2015) Anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility: a petrofabric tool to measure the fabric of shales. Unconventional Resources Technology Conference.
Hébert, D., Lebrun, R., and Marivaux, L. (2012) Comparative three‐dimensional structure of the trabecular bone in the talus of primates and its relationship to ankle joint loads generated during locomotion. The Anatomical Record, 295, 2069-2088.
Hewens, R.H., Zanetta, P.-M., Zanda, B., Le Guillou, C., Gattacceca, J., Sognzoni, C. Pont, S., Piani, L., Rigaudier, T., Leroux, H., Brunetto, R., Maupin, R., Djouadi, Z., Bernard, S., Deldicque, D., Malarewicz, V., Dionnet, Z., Aleon-Toppani, A., King, A., and Borondics, F. (2021) NORTHWEST AFRICA (NWA) 12563 and ungrouped C2 chondrites: Alteration styles and relationships to asteroids. Geochemica et Cosmochimica Acta, 311, 238-173.
Hill, C.A. (2011) Ontogenetic change in temporal bone pneumatization in humans. The Anatomical Record, 294, 1103-1115.
Hill, C.A. (2008) Evolutionary and developmental history of temporal bone pneumatization in hominids. PhD dissertation, Anthropology, Pennsylvania State University, 194p.
Hill, C.A. (2010) Functional implications of temporal bone pneumatization in hominids. The FASEB Journal, 24, 178-5.
Hill, C.A., and Richtsmeier, J.T. (2008) A quantitative method for the evaluation of three-dimensional structure of temporal bone pneumatization. Journal of Human Evolution, 55, 682-690.
Kaeffer, B., Trubuil, A., Kervrann, C., Pardini, L., and Cherbut, C. (2002) Three-dimensional binding of epidermal growth factor peptides in colonic tissues produced from rotating bioreactor. In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology-Animal, 38, 436-439.
Kajbafvala, A., Nachtrab, W., Wong, T., and Schwartz, J. (2014) Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+ x round wires with Ag/Al oxide dispersion strengthened sheaths: microstructure–properties relationships, enhanced mechanical behavior and reduced Cu depletion. Superconductor Science and Technology, 27, 095001.
Ketcham, R.A., and Koeberl, C. (2013) New textural evidence on the origin of carbonado diamond: an example of 3-D petrography using X-ray computed tomography. Geosphere, 9, 1336-1347.
Ketcham, R.A. (2005) Three-dimensional grain fabric measurements using high-resolution X-ray computed tomography. Journal of Structural Geology, 27, 1217-1228.
Ketcham, R.A., and Ryan, T. (2004) Quantification and visualization of anisotropy in trabecular bone. Journal of Microscopy, 213, 158-171.
Kim, K., and Withey, P. (2017) Formation of an intermediate layer between grains in nickel-based superalloy turbine blades. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 48, 2932-2942.
Kim, K., and Withey, P.A. (2017) Microstructural investigation of the formation and development of topologically close‐packed phases in a 3rd generation nickel‐base single crystal superalloy. Advanced Engineering Materials, 19, 1700041.
Kim, K., and Withey, P. (2016) Detection of rhenium-rich particles at grain boundaries in nickel-base superalloy turbine blades. Materials Transactions, 57, 1698-1706.
Kim, K., Withey, P., and Griffiths, W.D. (2015) Detection of an intermediate layer containing a rhenium-rich particle at grain boundaries formed within single crystal nickel-based superalloys. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 46, 1024-1029.
Kulinowski, P., Malcqewski P., Pesta, E., Łaszcz, A., Mendyk, S.P., Polak, S., and Dorożyński, P. (2021) Selective laser sintering (SLS) technique for pharmaceutical applications—development of high dose controlled release printlets. Additive Manufacturing, 38, 101761.
Lin, M. T., Wan, C. H., and Wu, W. (2017) Characterization and corrosion resistance of TiZr coating on SS304 stainless steel using cathodic arc evaporation techniques. Surface and Coatings Technology, 320, 217-225.
Lin, M.T., Wan, C.H., and Wu, W. (2013) Comparison of corrosion behaviors between SS304 and Ti substrate coated with (Ti, Zr) N thin films as metal bipolar plate for unitized regenerative fuel cell. Thin Solid Films, 544, 162-169.
Lois-Morales, P., Evans, C., and Weatherly, D. (2022) Methodology for quantitative rock characterization using multiple imaging systems and random particles generation. MethodsX, 9, 101792
Lu, S., Yu, X., and Zong, Y. (2019) Nano-microscale porosity and pore size distribution in aggregates of paddy soil as affected by long-term mineral and organic fertilization under rice-wheat cropping system. Soil and Tillage Research, 186, 191-199.
Macente, A., Fusseis, F., Menegon, L., Xiao, X., and John, T. (2017) The strain‐dependent spatial evolution of garnet in a high‐P ductile shear zone from the Western Gneiss Region (Norway): a synchrotron X‐ray microtomography study. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 35, 565-583.
Maga, M., Kappelman, J., Ryan, T.M., and Ketcham, R.A. (2006) Preliminary observations on the calcaneal trabecular microarchitecture of extant large-bodied hominoids. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 129, 410-417.
Matarazzo, S.A. (2015) Trabecular architecture of the manual elements reflects locomotor patterns in primates. PLoS ONE, 10, e0120436.
Matarazzo, S.A. (2013) Knuckle-walking signal in the manual phalanges and metacarpals of the great apes (Pan and Gorilla). PhD dissertation, Anthropology, University of Massachusetts Amherst, 129p.
McLauchlin, A.R., Ghita, O., and Tubke, B. (2013) Detection of contaminants in poly(ethylene terephthalate)(PET) by near infrared spectroscopy. 16th International Council for Near Infrared Spectroscopy Conference, La Grande-Motte, France.
Niikura, K., Iyo, N., Higuchi, T., Nishio, T., Jinnai, H., Fujitani, N., and Ijiro, K. (2012) Gold nanoparticles coated with semi-fluorinated oligo (ethylene glycol) produce sub-100 nm nanoparticle vesicles without templates. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 134, 7632-7635.
Palmer, J.E., and Chirchir, H. (2018) Trabecular bone morphology in hunter/gatherer and agricultural populations. The FASEB Journal, 21, S1.
Pardini, L., Kaeffer, B., Trubuil, A., Bourreille, A., and Galmiche, J.P. (2005) Human intestinal circadian clock: expression of clock genes in colonocytes lining the crypt. Chronobiology International, 22, 951-961.
Pardini, L., Trubuil, A., Kaeffer, B., Kervrann, C., Hoebeke, M., and Cherbut, C. (2002) 3-D analysis of biomarkers and investigation of temporal series by Quant3D, a Linux/UNIX software package. 7th Internet World Congress for Biomedical Sciences. Inabis2002.
Parsons, T., Ryan, T.M., Reeves, R.H., & Richtsmeier, J.T. (2007) Microstructure of trabecular bone in a mouse model for Down syndrome. The Anatomical Record, 290, 414-421.
Philippe, J., Le Godec, Y., Mezouar, M., Berg, M., Bromiley, G., Bergame, F., Perrillat, J.P., Alvarez-Murga, M., Morand, M., Atwood, R. and King, A., (2016) Rotating tomography Paris–Edinburgh cell: a novel portable press for micro-tomographic 4-D imaging at extreme pressure/temperature/stress conditions. High Pressure Research, 36, 512-532.
Ponzoni, P. (2013) Studio dell’orientamento delle fibre nelle linee di saldatura di una poliammide rinforzata con fibre corte di vetro. MS thesis, Mechanical Engineering, Politecnico di Milano.
Pressley, L.A. (2022) Defects by design enhancing synthesis and characterization of quantum materials. Ph.D. dissertation, The Johns Hopkins University, Chemistry, 112p.
Pressley, L.A., Edey, D., Hanna, R., Chae, S., Heron, J.T., Khan, M.A., and McQueen, T.M. (2022) Informing quantum materials discovery and synthesis using X-ray micro-tomography. npj Quantum Materials, 7, 121.
Pringle, D.J., Miner, J.E., Eicken, H., and Golden, K.M. (2009) Pore space percolation in sea ice single crystals. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 114, C12017.
Raichlen, D.A., Gordon, A.D., Foster, A.D., Webber, J.T., Sukhdeo, S.M., Scott, R.S., Gosman, J.H., and Ryan, T.M. (2015) An ontogenetic framework linking locomotion and trabecular bone architecture with applications for reconstructing hominin life history. Journal of Human Evolution, 81, 1-12.
Ravalico, C., and Cosmi, F. (2015) Evaluation of fibre length distribution in a short glass fibre reinforced PA-6. Materiálové Inzinierstvo, 22, 140.
Rowe, T.B., Luo, Z.X., Ketcham, R.A., Maisano, J.A., and Colbert, M.W. (2016) X-ray computed tomography datasets for forensic analysis of vertebrate fossils. Scientific Data, 3, 160040.
Russo, G.A. (2016) Comparative sacral morphology and the reconstructed tail lengths of five extinct primates: Proconsul heseloni, Epipliopithecus vindobonensis, Archaeolemur edwardsi, Megalapadis grandidieri, and Palaeopropithecus kelyus. Journal of Human Evolution, 90, 135-162.
Russo, G.A. (2019) Trabecular bone structural variation in the proximal sacrum among primatesThe Anatomical Record, 302, 1354-1371.
Ryan, T.M., Colbert, M., Ketcham, R.A., and Vinyard, C.J. (2009) Trabecular bone structure in the mandibular condyles of gouging and nongouging platyrrhine primates. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 141, 583-593.
Ryan, T.M., and Ketcham, R.A. (2005) Angular orientation of trabecular bone in the femoral head and its relationship to hip joint loads in leaping primates. Journal of Morphology, 265, 249-263.
Ryan, T.M., and Krovitz, G.E. (2006) Trabecular bone ontogeny in the human proximal femur. Journal of Human Evolution, 51, 591-602.
Ryan, T.M., and Milner, G.R. (2006) Osteological applications of high-resolution computed tomography: a prehistoric arrow injury. Journal of Archaeological Science, 33, 871-879.
Ryan, T.M., and Walker, A. (2010) Trabecular bone structure in the humeral and femoral heads of anthropoid primates. The Anatomical Record, 293, 719-729.
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